Västergötland Lake Vänern

Discussion in 'Tourism in Sweden' started by abdo, Aug 14, 2015.

  1. abdo

    abdo Administrator Staff Member

    Vänern is the largest lake in Sweden, the largest lake in the European Union and the third-largest lake entirely in Europe after Ladoga and Onega in Russia. It is located in the provinces of Västergötland, Dalsland, and Värmland in the southwest of the country.

    Geologically, the lake was formed after the last ice age about 10,000 years ago; when the ice melted, the entire width of Sweden was covered in water, creating a strait between Kattegat and the Gulf of Bothnia. Due to the ensuing isostatic rebound, lakes such as Vänern and Vättern became pursed off. As a result, there are still species remaining from the ice age not normally encountered in fresh water lakes, such as the amphipodMonoporeia affinis. A Viking ship was found on the lake's bottom on May 6, 2009.

    A story told by the 13th-century Icelandic mythographer Snorri Sturluson in his Prose Edda about the origin of Lake Mälaren was probably originally about Vänern: the Swedish king Gylfi promised a woman, Gefjun, as much land as four oxen could plough in a day and a night, but she used oxen from the land of the giants, and moreover uprooted the land and dragged it into the sea, where it became the island of Zealand. Snorra Edda says that 'the inlets in the lake correspond to the headlands in Zealand';since this is much more true of Vänern, the myth was probably originally about Vänern, not Mälaren.

    The Battle on the Ice of Lake Vänern was a 6th-century battle recorded in the Norse sagas and referred to in the Old English epic Beowulf. In Beowulf, Vänern is stated to be near the location of the Dragons mound at Earnanæs.

    The Secretariat
    Phone: +46 10 224 40 00
    (switchboard) Fax: +46 10 224 50 13 E-mail:vattenvard.vastragotaland @lansstyrelsen.se

    Postal address:Vänerkansliet
    County Administrative Board of Västra
    Götaland County
    SE-542 85 Mariestad
    Sweden Address for visitors:Hamngatan 1, Mariestad

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    Last edited: Aug 14, 2015
: lake, Vänern

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